Contribution of the NOD1/CARD4 insertion/deletion polymorphism +32656 to inflammatory bowel disease in Northern Europe.
Van Limbergen J., Russell RK., Nimmo ER., Törkvist L., Lees CW., Drummond HE., Smith L., Anderson NH., Gillett PM., McGrogan P., Hassan K., Weaver LT., Bisset WM., Mahdi G., Arnott ID., Sjöqvist U., Lördal M., Farrington SM., Dunlop MG., Wilson DC., Satsangi J.
BACKGROUND: NOD1/CARD4 and NOD2/CARD15 are both intracellular pattern-recognition receptors. The NOD1/CARD4 gene lies within a previously described inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) locus (7p14). An association has been suggested between the NOD1/CARD4+32656 deletion*1 variant of a complex deletion*1/insertion*2 polymorphism and IBD in 1 recent study in Europe. Our aim was to assess the influence of NOD1/CARD4+32656 on disease susceptibility and phenotype in the Scottish and Swedish IBD populations. METHODS: A total of 3,962 individuals (1,791 IBD patients, 522 parents, 1,649 healthy controls) from 2 independent populations (Scotland and Sweden) were genotyped for NOD1/CARD4+32656 A/C by TaqMan and direct sequencing. Case-control, Transmission Disequilibrium Testing (TDT) and detailed genotype-phenotype (Montreal) analyses were performed. The case-control analysis had 80% power to detect an effect size of odds ratio (OR) 1.21 for IBD. RESULTS: In case-control analyses in Scottish and Swedish patients, none of the genotypes studied in IBD, Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC), differed significantly from controls (deletion*1 allelic frequency 73.9%, 73.6%, 73.9%, and 73.6%, respectively: all P > 0.8). No epistatic interaction with NOD2/CARD15 was seen for CD susceptibility. TDT analysis in our Scottish early onset cohort was negative. CONCLUSIONS: This variant allele of NOD1/CARD4+32656 is not associated with a strong effect on susceptibility to IBD in children and adults in Northern Europe. A gene-wide haplotype-based approach may be preferable to analysis of individual variants to assess the contribution of the NOD1/CARD4 gene to IBD.