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BACKGROUND: Recent data associated higher mortality with medical rather than surgical intervention in patients with ulcerative colitis who require hospitalization. AIM: To examine factors influencing UC-related mortality in Scotland. METHOD: Using the national record linkage database 1998-2000, 3-year mortality was determined after four admission types: colectomy-elective or emergency; no colectomy-elective or emergency. RESULTS: Of 1078 patients, crude 3-year mortality rates were: colectomy elective 5.6% (n = 177) and emergency 9.0% (100); no colectomy elective 9.8% (244) and emergency 16.0% (557). Using elective colectomy as reference, multivariate analysis [OR (95% CI)] showed that admission age >50 years [OR 5.46 (2.29-11.95)], male gender [OR 1.92 (1.23-3.02)], comorbidity [OR 2.2 (1.38-3.51)], length of stay >15 days [OR 2.04 (1.08-3.84)] and prior IBD admission [OR 1.66 (1.06-2.61)] were independently related to mortality. Age was the strongest determinant. No patient <30 years died. Mortality of patients aged <50 years [10/587 (1.7%)] was significantly lower than mortality of those aged 50-64 years [26/246 (10.6%)] (chi(2) = 32.91; P < 0.0000001) and >65 [96/245 (39.2%)] (chi(2) = 218.2; P < 0.0000001). For those patients aged more than 65 years, mortality in the four groups was 29.4%, 33.3%, 28.1% and 44.7%- all greater than expected in the Scottish population on assessment of standardized mortality ratios. CONCLUSION: Hospital admission in UC patients >65 is associated with high mortality. Management strategies should consider this by treatment in specialist units, early investigation, focused medical treatment and earlier surgical referral.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/j.1365-2036.2010.04302.x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Aliment Pharmacol Ther

Publication Date

06/2010

Volume

31

Pages

1310 - 1321

Keywords

Adult, Age Factors, Colectomy, Colitis, Ulcerative, Comorbidity, Female, Hospitalization, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Risk Factors, Scotland