Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The severe limitations of conventional sleep staging during sleep apnea are now understood. Microarousals are likely to be the dominant cause of symptoms in sleep apnea, but it has been extremely difficult to quantify them in a way that will predict daytime sleepiness or poor vigilance any better than respiratory indices. It is clear that not all apneas are equal on sleep, differences in the degree of arousal required to end an apnea and open the pharynx may help to explain why some individuals with apnea-plus-hypopnea indices (AHIs) of 15 may be symptomless, whereas others are severely disabled. Use of newer techniques to measure arousals, both cortical and autonomic, may produce a better understanding of how to measure sleep.


Journal article



Publication Date





S251 - S254


Arousal, Blood Pressure, Electroencephalography, Electromyography, Humans, Sleep Apnea Syndromes