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Almitrine bismesylate (100 mg orally) significantly raised PaO2 and lowered PaCO2 in six patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, compared to placebo, when they were breathing air or 28% oxygen. The estimated ideal alveolar arterial PO2 difference (AaDO2) was less after almitrine bismesylate compared to placebo, when patients were breathing either air or 28% oxygen. After almitrine bismesylate overall ventilation breathing air increased by 10% but this did not reach statistical significance. During 28% oxygen breathing, almitrine bismesylate hardly altered overall ventilation but the inspiratory duty cycle (TI/TTOT) decreased and mean inspiratory flow rate (VT/TI) increased compared to placebo. These changes were significant on a paired T test (P less than 0.05). The improvement in AaDO2 correlated with the rise in VT/TI (r = 0.67, P = 0.02) and thus we suggest that changes in both volume and pattern of breathing might explain the improved gas exchange in the lung after almitrine bismesylate .

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur J Respir Dis Suppl

Publication Date

1983

Volume

126

Pages

255 - 264

Keywords

Administration, Oral, Aged, Almitrine, Clinical Trials as Topic, Female, Humans, Lung Diseases, Obstructive, Male, Middle Aged, Piperazines, Pulmonary Gas Exchange, Respiration, Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio