Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Almitrine at a low dose of 100 mg orally significantly raises PaO2 and lowers PaCO2 in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, compared with placebo, when they were breathing air or 28% oxygen. The estimated ideal alveolar-arterial PO2 difference was less after almitrine compared with placebo, when patients were breathing either air or 28% oxygen. After almitrine overall ventilation breathing air increased by 10% but this did not reach statistical significance. During 28% oxygen breathing almitrine hardly altered overall ventilation but the inspiratory duty cycle (Ti/Ttot.) decreased and mean inspiratory flow rate (VT/Ti) increased compared with placebo. These changes were significant on a paired t-test (P less than 0.05). Changes in both volume and pattern of breathing may explain the improved gas exchange in the lung after almitrine.


Journal article


Clin Sci (Lond)

Publication Date





435 - 442


Administration, Oral, Aged, Almitrine, Central Nervous System Stimulants, Female, Humans, Lung Diseases, Obstructive, Male, Middle Aged, Oxygen, Piperazines, Pulmonary Gas Exchange, Respiration