Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: A study was undertaken to estimate the cost-effectiveness of using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in the management of patients with severe obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) compared with no treatment from the perspective of the UK's National Health Service (NHS). METHODS: A Markov model was constructed to assess the cost-effectiveness of CPAP compared with no treatment. The model depicted the management of a 55-year-old patient with severe OSAHS as defined by an apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) >30 and daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale score >or=12). The model spans a period of 14 years. RESULTS: According to the model, 57% of untreated patients are expected to be alive at the end of 14 years compared with 72% of patients treated with CPAP. Untreated patients are expected to cost the NHS pound10 645 (95% CI pound7988 to pound14,098) per patient over 14 years compared with pound9672 (95% CI pound8057 to pound12,860) per CPAP-treated patient. Treatment with CPAP for a period of 1 year was found not to be a cost-effective option since the cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained is expected to be > pound20,000, but after 2 years of treatment the cost per QALY gained is expected to be pound10,000 or less and, after 13 years of treatment, CPAP becomes a dominant treatment (ie, more effective than no treatment for less cost). CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of the model, CPAP was found to be clinically more effective than no treatment and, from the perspective of the UK's NHS, a cost-effective strategy after a minimum of 2 years of treatment.

Original publication

DOI

10.1136/thx.2007.086454

Type

Journal article

Journal

Thorax

Publication Date

10/2008

Volume

63

Pages

860 - 865

Keywords

Accidents, Traffic, Cardiovascular Diseases, Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Health Care Costs, Humans, Patient Compliance, Quality-Adjusted Life Years, Sleep Apnea, Obstructive