A novel, simplified approach to starting nasal CPAP therapy in OSA.
Stradling JR., Hardinge M., Smith DM.
BACKGROUND: Due to ever increasing referral rates, we have had to move the nasal CPAP induction program for patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) out of the sleep laboratories and into an outpatient setting. We report the effects this has had on patient outcomes. METHODS: The last 75 patients with OSA who had an overnight CPAP titration in the sleep laboratory (group 1) were compared with the first 75 coming to an afternoon clinic and set up on CPAP in groups, and who had their CPAP pressure determined from an algorithm (group 2). They were assessed at 1 and 11 months using the Epworth Sleepiness Score, compliance with CPAP (h/night), whether still using CPAP, and the number of clinic appointments required in the first 11 months. RESULTS: The two groups were similar at baseline. There were no differences in any of the outcome measures. ESS values fell from 14.6 to 5.0 and from 14.0 to 5.1 at 11 months in groups 1 and 2, respectively: compliance, 5.2 versus 5.1 h/night; clinic appointments, 1.75 versus 1.96; discontinuation rates at 1 month, 8% and 7%, and at 11 months, 25% and 21%. CONCLUSIONS: Using these simple outcome measures, we have shown that using an outpatient-based approach, and CPAP pressure based on an algorithm, have not reduced the efficacy of our CPAP induction program for patients with OSA.