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The use of oral methotrexate for refractory eosinophilic asthma in a tertiary asthma referral centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, was evaluated between January 2006 and December 2014. The patients ( n = 61) were carefully phenotyped at baseline with markers of airway inflammation. In addition, a structured oral methotrexate proforma was utilized to evaluate response to therapy and adverse events. Oral steroid withdrawal was attempted 3 months after commencing treatment. Several outcomes were evaluated at 12 months, including both efficacy and adverse effects; 15% ( n = 9/61) responded by achieving a decrease in daily oral corticosteroid dose (mean 8.43 (±8.76) mg), although we were unable to identify factors that predicted a treatment response. There were no other significant changes in any other clinical outcome measures. There was a high rate of adverse events (19/61 (31%)), primarily gastrointestinal/hepatitis. Our findings support the use of biological agents in preference to using oral methotrexate as a steroid sparing agent at the first instance. In the event of failure of these agents, oral methotrexate remains a therapeutic option, which can be considered in highly specialist severe asthma centres.

Original publication

DOI

10.1177/1479972317709650

Type

Journal article

Journal

Chronic respiratory disease

Publication Date

01/06/2017

Pages

1479972317709650 - 1479972317709650

Addresses

2 Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.