A novel mutation in a patient with a deficiency of the eighth component of complement associated with recurrent meningococcal meningitis.
Arnold DF., Roberts AG., Thomas A., Ferry B., Morgan BP., Chapel H.
INTRODUCTION: Complement component C8 is one of the five terminal complement components required for the formation of the membrane attack complex. Complete absence of C8 results in increased susceptibility to gram-negative bacteria such as Neisseria species. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two functionally distinct C8 deficiency states have been described: C8 alpha-gamma deficiency has been predominantly reported amongst Afro-Caribbeans, Hispanics, and Japanese and C8beta mainly in Caucasians. RESULTS: We report a case of functional and immunochemical deficiency of the complement component C8, diagnosed in a Caucasian adult following three episodes of meningitis. Western blotting and hemolytic assay demonstrated absence of C8beta. In genetic studies, the common exon 9 C > T transition responsible for 85% of C8beta deficiencies was not found. Two mutations were identified: a novel duplication mutation, c.1047_1053 dupGGCTGTG in exon 7 that introduces a frame shift, resulting in the addition of seven novel amino acid residues and a premature stop codon, and a previously reported mutation, c.271C > T in exon 3. The parents each expressed one of these mutations, confirming compound heterozygosity. DISCUSSION: This is the first report of a duplication mutation in C8beta deficiency and extends the molecular heterogeneity of the disorder.