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Sera from patients with primary genital infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV) were tested by immunoblotting (IB) and radioimmunoprecipitation (RIP) analysis to determine the protein targets of antibody elicited by infection. The two tests detected antibody to different antigens: IB primarily detected reactivity with p40, a phosphorylated capsid protein, and RIP detected antibody to glycoprotein B, a viral envelope component. Furthermore, RIP detected antibody at an earlier stage of infection then IB. A nondenaturing version of IB was developed and used to investigate the role that the solubilisation of antigen plays in the sensitivity of each test for antibodies with different specificities.


Journal article


J Med Virol

Publication Date





191 - 205


Animals, Antibodies, Viral, Cross Reactions, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes Genitalis, Herpesvirus 3, Human, Herpesvirus 4, Human, Humans, Immunoassay, Predictive Value of Tests, Radioimmunoassay, Simplexvirus, Vero Cells, Viral Proteins