Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVES: Colonoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis of mucosal disease, but has a recognized "miss rate" for polyps probably because some lesions lie in areas of the colonic surface that do not enter the field of view. Using CT colonography (CTC) simulation this pilot study aimed to determine how much colonic surface is visualized with a standard, modern optical colonoscope (field of view 140 degrees ) with or without the addition of a retrograde viewing auxiliary imaging device (RVAID; 135 degrees ) and of a wide-angle (170 degrees ) colonoscope. METHODS: Supine CTC datasets for 20 patients were reviewed with customized CTC software that calculated the percentage of colonic surface seen and number and area of nonvisualized "missed" areas at a unidirectional three-dimensional (3D) endoluminal flythrough, approximating the view obtained at optical colonoscopy. The field of view could be varied from 0-180 degrees . The combination of a colonoscope with RVAID was simulated by an additional flythrough facing the rectum. RESULTS: Mean colonic surface area was 2,743 +/- 759 cm2. Percentage colonic surface visualized at simulated optical colonoscopy with a 90 degrees , 140 degrees , and 170 degrees field of view was 68.0 +/- 5.2%, 86.6 +/- 3.3%, and 92.2 +/- 3.3%, respectively, P < 0.001. Simulation of a 140 degrees colonoscope with an RVAID resulted in almost complete surface visualization, 98.7 +/- 0.5%, with total missed area reduced 10-fold compared with a 170 degrees colonoscope, P < 0.001. CONCLUSION: CTC simulated 140 degrees optical colonoscopy visualizes over 85% of the colonic surface. 170 degrees colonoscopy provides a modest reduction in missed surface and the simulated addition of RVAIDs appears beneficial.

Original publication




Journal article


Am J Gastroenterol

Publication Date





2529 - 2535


Colonic Polyps, Colonography, Computed Tomographic, Colonoscopy, Female, Humans, Imaging, Three-Dimensional, Intestinal Mucosa, Male, Middle Aged, Pilot Projects, Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Software, Supine Position