Coagulopathy following lethal and non-lethal envenoming of humans by the South American rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus) in Brazil.
Sano-Martins IS., Tomy SC., Campolina D., Dias MB., de Castro SC., de Sousa-e-Silva MC., Amaral CF., Rezende NA., Kamiguti AS., Warrell DA., Theakston RD.
The South American tropical rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus subspp) is responsible for approximately 10% of bites from venomous snakes in Brazil. We studied 24 victims of bites by this species over 3 years, in south-eastern Brazil, particularly investigating haemostatic alterations. Thirteen patients were defined as moderately envenomed and 11 as severe. There were two deaths, which were not attributed to venom-induced haemostatic disturbances. However, envenoming by C. durissus is frequently associated with haemostatic disorders, which are probably attributable mainly to the action of the thrombin-like enzyme, with possible additional effects secondary to the powerful myotoxic activity of the venom.