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Venom entered the eyes of 9 patients spat at by the spitting cobra, Naja nigricollis. In 5 the only effect was a simple conjunctivitis but 4 had corneal ulceration, 1 developed anterior uveitis indicating absorption of venom in the anterior chamber, and 2 were permanently blinded. Treatment of this rare emergency is discussed: immediate irrigation of the eye with water, careful examination for corneal abrasion, and prevention of secondary infection are recommended. The value of local specific antivenom is unproven.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Am J Trop Med Hyg

Publication Date

05/1976

Volume

25

Pages

525 - 529

Keywords

Adult, Animals, Blindness, Conjunctivitis, Corneal Ulcer, Endophthalmitis, Female, First Aid, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Nigeria, Snake Venoms, Snakes, Therapeutic Irrigation