Endoscopic features of sessile serrated adenomas: validation by international experts using high-resolution white-light endoscopy and narrow-band imaging.
Hazewinkel Y., López-Cerón M., East JE., Rastogi A., Pellisé M., Nakajima T., van Eeden S., Tytgat KMAJ., Fockens P., Dekker E.
BACKGROUND: Sessile serrated adenomas/polyps (SSAs/Ps) are premalignant lesions susceptible to being easily overlooked by endoscopists. A detailed description of the endoscopic appearance of SSAs/Ps might help endoscopists to recognize these lesions to improve the effectiveness of colonoscopy. OBJECTIVE: To identify various endoscopic features of SSAs/Ps using high-resolution white-light endoscopy (HR-WLE) and narrow-band imaging (NBI). DESIGN: Retrospective image evaluation study. SETTING: Single tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Forty-5 patients with serrated polyposis syndrome undergoing surveillance colonoscopies. INTERVENTION: HR-WLE and NBI images of 150 polyps (50 SSAs/Ps, 50 hyperplastic polyps [HPs], and 50 adenomas) were systematically assessed by 5 experts using various endoscopic descriptors. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The prevalence of specific endoscopic features observed in SSAs/Ps versus HPs. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis demonstrated that indistinct borders (OR, 3.11; 95% CI, 1.57-6.15) and a cloud-like surface (OR, 2.65; 95% CI, 1.21-5.78) were associated with SSA/P histology on HR-WLE. On NBI, a cloud-like surface (OR, 4.91; 95% CI, 2.42-9.97), indistinct borders (OR, 2.38; 95% CI, 1.14-4.96), irregular shape (OR, 3.17; 95% CI, 1.59-6.29), and dark spots inside the crypts (OR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.02-4.11) were found to be endoscopic predictors of SSA/P histology. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of NBI for differentiating serrated polyps containing either none or all 4 endoscopic SSA/P features were, respectively, 89%, 96%, and 93%. LIMITATIONS: Retrospective, image evaluation analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The current study demonstrates that SSAs/Ps possess several specific endoscopic features compared with HPs. Recognition of these characteristics might assist endoscopists in the differentiation of these lesions and could possibly facilitate endoscopic detection of these rather subtle lesions.