Infliximab use in Crohn's disease: impact on health care resources in the UK.
Jewell DP., Satsangi J., Lobo A., Probert C., Forbes A., Ghosh S., Shaffer J., Frenz M., Drummond H., Troy G., Turner S., Younge L., Evans L., Moosa M., Rodgers-Gray B., Buchan S.
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the impact of infliximab therapy on health care resource utilization in the UK. METHODS: A retrospective audit was undertaken at seven centres in the UK, which reviewed patient notes for a period of 6 months before and 6 months after an initial infliximab infusion. Details of hospital admissions, outpatient visits, operations, diagnostic procedures, drug usage, and overall efficacy were collected. Results were compared for the two 6 month study periods. RESULTS: A total of 205 patients (62% female, median age 33 years) with moderate/severe Crohn's disease were audited. The majority of patients had chronic active disease (62%) and most received one infusion initially (72%). Clinicians rated 74% of responses as good to excellent and patients 72%. Most patients had concomitant immunosuppression (pre: 75%, post: 75%). Approximately half of the patients (45%) stopped taking steroids, with a further 34% having a dosage reduction. A fall of 1093 inpatient days was seen (1435 vs. 342) in the 6 months following infliximab administration. There were seven fewer operations, 33 fewer examinations under anaesthetic, and 99 fewer diagnostic procedures. Outpatient visits were similar pre- versus post- (555 vs. 534). The total reduction in direct costs amounted to an estimated pounds 591,006. Three hundred and fifty-three infliximab infusions were administered at an estimated cost of pounds 562,719. Thus, there was a net reduction of pounds 28,287 or pounds 137.98 per patient. CONCLUSIONS: Infliximab appears to be a potentially cost effective treatment for selected patients based on the reduced number of inpatient stays, examinations under anaesthetic, and diagnostic procedures over a 6 month period.