Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

As surveillance data from sub-Saharan Africa are few, three representative populations of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates were examined in Kenya for serotype distribution and Etest minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of benzylpenicillin: (1) 75 lung aspirate or blood culture isolates from 301 consecutive adult patients with pneumonia, (2) 112 invasive isolates from continuous pediatric inpatient surveillance over 4 years, and (3) 97 nasopharyngeal isolates from systematically selected sick children. The proportions with benzylpenicillin MICs of > or = 0.1 microgram/mL were 0.27, 0.29, and 0.47, respectively. Vaccine-related serotypes accounted for 96% of invasive isolates from children and 90% of those from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive adults. Serotype 1 accounted for 44% of pneumococci from HIV-seronegative patients but only 5% of those from HIV-seropositive patients (P = .0002). Of serotype 1 isolates, 98% were susceptible to benzylpenicillin, but serogroups 13, 14, 19, and 23 were strongly associated with an MIC of > or = 0.1 microgram/mL.


Journal article


Clin Infect Dis

Publication Date





1442 - 1450


Adult, Humans, Kenya, Penicillin G, Penicillin Resistance, Penicillins, Pneumococcal Infections, Pneumonia, Pneumococcal, Serotyping, Streptococcus pneumoniae