The humoral immune system in inflammatory bowel disease. II. Immunologlobulin levels.
Hodgson HJ., Jewell DP.
As there have been reports of differences in mean levels of serum immunoglobulins between patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, serum IgG, IgA, and IgM were estimated in 158 patients with inflammatory bowel disease and the results correlated with the clinical features of the patients. Although a higher mean IgG level in ulcerative colitis compared to Crohn's disease was confirmed, no difference was found when the comparison was limited to patients with colonic Crohn's disease. Patients with either disease had higher mean IgM levels than controls, and the IgM levels were higher on treatment with corticosteroids and showed a tendency to rise in remission. IgG and IgM levels were also higher in both diseases if extraintestinal manifestations were present. It is concluded that if clinical features, particularly disease site, are taken into account, the overall immunoglobulin responses in these two diseases show no differences.