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The aim of this study was to assess whether interleukin-10 (IL-10) and/or transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGFbeta1) downregulate HLA-DR expression using the HT29 cell line as a model of colonic epithelial cells. HLA-DR expression was induced in HT29 cells with gamma-interferon. The effects of IL-10 alone, TGFbeta1 alone, and IL-10 and TGFbeta1 in combination were studied. HLA-DR expression was assessed using flow cytometric analysis. Gamma-interferon induced HLA-DR expression in a dose-dependent fashion. In the absence of gamma-interferon, neither IL-10 nor TGFbeta1 induced HLA-DR expression. In isolation, neither IL-10 nor TGFbeta1 downregulated HLA-DR expression. When IL-10 and TGFbeta1 were added in combination, small (6-30%) statistically significant reductions in HLA-DR expression were seen. The biological significance is unclear.

Original publication




Conference paper

Publication Date





7 - 11


Colon, Epithelial Cells, HLA-DR Antigens, HT29 Cells, Humans, Interferon-gamma, Interleukin-10, Transforming Growth Factor beta