[Analysis of breath hydrogen (H2) in diagnosis of gastrointestinal function: validation of a pocket breath H2 test analyzer].
Braden B., Braden CP., Klutz M., Lembcke B.
Breath hydrogen (H2) analysis, as used in gastroenterologic function tests, requires a stationary analysis system equipped with a gaschromatograph or an electrochemical sensor cell. Now a portable breath H2-analyzer has been miniaturized to pocket size (104 mm x 62 mm x 29 mm). The application of this device in clinical practice has been assessed in comparison to the standard GMI-exhaled monitor. The pocket analyzer showed a linear response to standards with H2-concentrations ranging from 0-100 ppm (n = 7), which was not different from the GMI-apparatus. The correlation of both methods during clinical application (lactose tolerance tests, mouth-to-coecum transit time determined with lactulose) was excellent (Y = 1.08 X + 0.96; r = 0.959). Using the new device, both, analysis (3 s vs. 90 s) and the reset-time (43 s vs. 140 s) were shorter whereas calibration was more feasible with the GMI-apparatus. It is concluded, that the considerably cheaper pocket-sized breath H2-analyzer is as precise and sensitive as the GMI-exhaled monitor, and thus presents a valid alternative for H2-breath tests.