Treatable traits in the NOVELTY study.
Agustí A., Rapsomaniki E., Beasley R., Hughes R., Müllerová H., Papi A., Pavord ID., van den Berge M., Faner R., NOVELTY Study Investigators None.
Background and objectiveAsthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are two prevalent and complex diseases that require personalized management. Although a strategy based on treatable traits (TTs) has been proposed, the prevalence and relationship of TTs to the diagnostic label and disease severity established by the attending physician in a real-world setting are unknown. We assessed how the presence/absence of specific TTs relate to the diagnosis and severity of 'asthma', 'COPD' or 'asthma + COPD'.MethodsThe authors selected 30 frequently occurring TTs from the NOVELTY study cohort (NOVEL observational longiTudinal studY; NCT02760329), a large (n = 11,226), global study that systematically collects data in a real-world setting, both in primary care clinics and specialized centres, for patients with 'asthma' (n = 5932, 52.8%), 'COPD' (n = 3898, 34.7%) or both ('asthma + COPD'; n = 1396, 12.4%).ResultsThe results indicate that (1) the prevalence of the 30 TTs evaluated varied widely, with a mean ± SD of 4.6 ± 2.6, 5.4 ± 2.6 and 6.4 ± 2.8 TTs/patient in those with 'asthma', 'COPD' and 'asthma + COPD', respectively (p ConclusionThese results provide the largest and most granular characterization of TTs in patients with airway diseases in a real-world setting to date.