Blue Light Imaging and Linked Color Imaging for the Characterization of Mucosal Changes in Chronic Gastritis: A Clinicians View and Brief Technical Report.
Weigt J., Malfertheiner P., Canbay A., Haybaeck J., Bird-Lieberman E., Link A.
BackgroundBlue light imaging (BLI) and linked color imaging (LCI) are new imaging modalities for the endoscopic evaluation of mucosal changes within the digestive tract. There is little experience with these modalities in the characterization of chronic gastritis (CG) intestinal metaplasia (IM) and atrophy in the stomach.Aims and methodsIn a single-center observational pilot study, we correlated endoscopic findings with histology in selected patients.ResultsFindings from 29 patients were included in the analysis. Six patients had macroscopically normal gastric mucosa at endoscopy, and this was confirmed histologically in 5 of them. At endoscopy, 15 patients had the presence of IM in the antrum predicted, and this was confirmed histologically in 11 (73%). In the corpus, we predicted the presence of IM in 14 patients, and this was confirmed in 11 (78%) at histology. Eleven patients had the endoscopic suspicion of atrophy in antrum, which was confirmed in 9 patients (82%). In total, 14 patients had endoscopic suspicion of atrophy in corpus mucosa at endoscopy, but only 10 were confirmed in histology (71%). The concordance of endoscopic classification and histology was 93% for antrum and 88% for corpus. The positive predictive value and negative predictive value for IM were 0.74 and 0.83 and for atrophy 0.63 and 0.97, respectively.ConclusionsLCI and BLI are helpful in characterization of mucosal changes in CG. The ability to rule out premalignant conditions by endoscopy only reflects the clinical use and harbors significant clinical implications.