Professor of Paediatric Gastroenterology
The gastrointestinal immune system has evolved to counteract the invasion of pathogens. To allow a strong inflammatory immune response during infection but avoid tissue damage there is a need for effective immune regulation. Defects in immune regulation lead to immunopathology such as inflammatory bowel disease or celiac disease.
About one-fifth of all patients with IBD present with initial symptoms during childhood and adolescents. In particular in the very young children patients, an underlying immunodeficiency may cause IBD-like symptoms. The analysis of immune deviation in children with IBD and IBD-like symptoms may contribute to the understanding of the complex puzzle of molecular mechanisms involved in IBD.
To investigate novel genetic defects to lead to very early onset intestinal inflammation we established the COLORS in IBD study (COLitis of early Onset - Rare diseaseS withIN IBD). COLORS in IBD has several international collaborators. In collaboration with the Sanger Center Cambridge and the Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics (WHG) Oxford, we investigate patients with pediatric-onset of IBD using next-generation sequencing.
We investigate several functional mechanisms of intestinal inflammation: antimicrobial activity in phagocytes, regulatory T cells, and epithelial barrier defects.
One key interest of the lab is to understand cytokine responses, in particular, IL-6 and IL-10 family cytokine responses.
A further area of interest is the immune response in patients with defects in the PI3K signaling pathway. One large group of patients with defects in this pathway have mutations in the phosphatase PTEN. Due to heterozygous mutations in the PTEN gene patients develop the PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome which includes Bannayan Riley Ruvalcaba syndrome and Cowden's syndrome. We investigate the functional consequences of PTEN deficiency for the development of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, B and T cell responses.
Gain-of-function variants in SYK cause immune dysregulation and systemic inflammation in humans and mice
Wang L. et al, (2021), Nature Genetics, 53, 500 - 510
Deciphering the Transcriptomic Heterogeneity of Duodenal Coeliac Disease Biopsies
Wolf J. et al, (2021), INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 22
Functional and structural analysis of cytokine selective IL6ST defects that cause recessive hyper-IgE syndrome
Chen Y-H. et al, (2021), Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Congenital Diarrhea and Cholestatic Liver Disease: Phenotypic Spectrum Associated with MYO5B Mutations.
Aldrian D. et al, (2021), J Clin Med, 10
Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (4th edition)1
Klionsky DJ. et al, (2021), Autophagy, 17, 1 - 382