Envenoming after carpet viper (Echis ocellatus) bite during pregnancy: timely use of effective antivenom improves maternal and foetal outcomes.
Habib AG., Abubakar SB., Abubakar IS., Larnyang S., Durfa N., Nasidi A., Yusuf PO., Garnvwa J., Theakston RDG., Salako L., Warrell DA., EchiTab Study Group (Nigeria & UK) None.
The report describes successful management of 10 women in 2nd and 3rd pregnancy trimesters with EchiTab IgG antivenom after carpet viper (Echis ocellatus) envenoming. All women survived but foetal loss in a victim with delayed presentation and a case of mild hypersensitivity reaction were recorded. Excellent outcomes can be achieved in rural and semi-nomadic populations without specialized care and immediate access and provision of effective antivenoms is paramount in curtailing snakebite maternal morbidity, mortality and foetal loss.