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Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease (IgG4-RD) of the biliary tree and pancreas is difficult to distinguish from sclerosing cholangitis and biliary/pancreatic malignancies (CA). An accurate noninvasive test for diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity is lacking. We demonstrate that dominant IgG4(+) B-cell receptor (BCR) clones determined by next-generation sequencing accurately distinguish patients with IgG4-associated cholangitis/autoimmune pancreatitis (n = 34) from those with primary sclerosing cholangitis (n = 17) and CA (n = 17). A novel, more affordable, and widely applicable quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) protocol analyzing the IgG4/IgG RNA ratio in blood also achieves excellent diagnostic accuracy (n = 125). Moreover, this qPCR test performed better than serum IgG4 levels in sensitivity (94% vs. 86%) and specificity (99% vs. 73%) and correlates with treatment response (n = 20).IgG4(+) BCR clones and IgG4/IgG RNA ratio markedly improve delineation, early diagnosis, and monitoring of IgG4-RD of the biliary tree and pancreas. (Hepatology 2016;64:501-507).

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/hep.28568

Type

Journal article

Journal

Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)

Publication Date

08/2016

Volume

64

Pages

501 - 507

Addresses

Department of Genome Analysis, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Keywords

Humans, Bile Duct Diseases, Immunoglobulin G, Diagnosis, Differential, Case-Control Studies, Prospective Studies, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, Female, Male